Harden

harden hard∙en verb 1. to become or make sth become firm, stiff or solid • (使)变硬,硬化: ▪ [V]
»The varnish takes a few hours to harden.
清漆需要几个小时才能干透。
▪ [VN]
»a method for hardening and preserving wood
硬化和保存木料的方法
2. if your voice, face, etc. hardens, or you harden it, it becomes more serious or severe • (使声音、面孔等)更严肃,更严厉: ▪ [V]
»Her face hardened into an expression of hatred.
她的脸沉下来,面带恨意。
▪ [VN]
»He hardened his voice when he saw she wasnˈt listening.
看到她没在听他讲话,他声音严厉起来。
3. if sbˈs feelings or attitudes harden or sb / sth hardens them, they become more fixed and determined • (使)更坚定,更强硬: ▪ [V]
»Public attitudes to the strike have hardened.
公众对这次罢工所持的态度已强硬起来。
»Their suspicions hardened into certainty.
他们由怀疑变成肯定。
▪ [VN]
»The incident hardened her resolve to leave the company.
这件事使她更加坚定了离开公司的决心。
4. [VN] [usually passive] to make sb less kind or less affected by extreme situations • 使变得无情;使不被打动:
»Joe sounded different, hardened by the war.
乔让人觉得变了,让战争变得冷酷无情了。
»They were hardened criminals (= they showed no regret for their crimes).
他们都是死不悔改的罪犯。
»In this job you have to harden your heart to pain and suffering.
做这项工作面对伤痛和病患时你得保持冷静心情。
hard∙en∙ing noun [U, sing.] :
»hardening of the arteries
动脉硬化
»a hardening of attitudes towards one-parent families
对单亲家庭态度的冷漠化
* * *
['hɑ:dn]
哈登(姓氏 Sir Arthur, 1865 -1940, 英國化學家, 曾獲1929年諾貝爾化學獎)

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

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  • Harden — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Harden (1865–1940), britischer Chemiker und Nobelpreisträger Cecil M. Harden (1894–1984), US amerikanische Politikerin Ingo Harden (* 1928), deutscher Musikkritiker und Autor James Harden (* 1989),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • harden — 1 Harden, solidify, indurate, petrify, cake are comparable when they mean to make or to become physically hard or solid. Harden usually expresses an opposition to soften and therefore may be as often used of the process as of the effect. The term …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Harden — Hard en (h[aum]rd n), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Hardened} ( nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Hardening} ( n*[i^]ng).] [OE. hardnen, hardenen.] 1. To make hard or harder; to make firm or compact; to indurate; as, to harden clay or iron. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • harden — hard‧en [ˈhɑːdn ǁ ˈhɑːrdn] verb [intransitive] FINANCE if prices on a financial market harden, they go up: • Tesco hardened 4 pence to 225.5 pence. * * * harden UK US /ˈhɑːdən/ verb [I] UK FINANCE, STOCK MARKET ► if prices or share prices harden …   Financial and business terms

  • harden — [v1] make or become solid amalgamate, anneal, bake, brace, buttress, cake, calcify, callous, cement, close, clot, coagulate, compact, congeal, consolidate, contract, crystallize, curdle, densify, dry, firm, fix, fortify, fossilize, freeze, gird,… …   New thesaurus

  • harden — [härd′ n] vt. [ME hardnen < ON harthna & < ME hard, HARD] 1. to make solid, rigid, or firm 2. to make callous [to harden one s heart] 3. to accustom to varying or adverse conditions or climate vi. to become solid, rigid, callous, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Harden — Hard en, v. i. 1. To become hard or harder; to acquire solidity, or more compactness; as, mortar hardens by drying. [1913 Webster] The deliberate judgment of those who knew him [A. Lincoln] has hardened into tradition. The Century. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Harden — Harden, so v.w. Gemeine Muräne …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Harden [1] — Harden, Dorf in Wales, s. Hawarden …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Harden [2] — Harden, Maximilian, Schriftsteller, geb. 20. Okt. 1861 in Berlin, hieß ursprünglich Witkowski, legte jedoch diesen Namen gleichzeitig mit seinen Angehörigen um das Jahr 1886 wegen eines Familienkonflikts nieder und nannte sich H., während sein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Harden — Harden, Maximilian, Schriftsteller, geb. 20. Okt. 1861 in Berlin, Herausgeber (seit 1892) der Wochenschrift »Zukunft«, schrieb polit. und soziale Essays u. d. T. »Apostata« (2 Bde., 1892) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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